Jacob Levi Moreno M.D.
May 18th, 1889 born in Bucharest
1893 He organised his playmates
dramatic enactment of heaven. Warmed up and in the role of
God one of the other children suggested that, He, God should have no trouble
flying from a tower of chairs. Obliging them and confident of his success
he fell and broke his arm! Moreno later claimed that this experience contained
most of the elements of psychodrama, including, we hope, insight.
The same year he and his family moved to Vienna, living in a flat in the house Castellezgasse 15
1896 Sigmund Freud used the term "Psychoanalyse" the first time
1900 Sigmund Freud published his book "Die Traumdeutung"
- 1917 He studies at the University of Vienna mathematics
Went on to join the medical school
there, received M.D. degree.
He attended one of Freud’s lectures at the University of Vienna
1913 -1914 Group psychotherapy applied to deviants, Vienna.
1916 Letter to the Hungarian ministry suggesting
use of a sociometric scheme for the reorganisation of a resettlement community,
The term "Sociometry" was used for the first time.
1921 First large scale public session
of Psychodrama at the Komödienhaus, Vienna
1922 Sigmund Freud delivered the paper:
“Group dynamics and the Analysis of the Ego”
1922 Opening of the Stegreiftheater (Theatre of Spontaneity) in Vienna (Maysedergasse, same building as today's Hotel Astoria)
1924 Die Lebendige Zeitung. The living
Newspaper. (Improvisation Theatre) Vienna.
Emigration to US.
1925 Plymouth Church, Brooklyn,
1926 Marries Beatrice Beecher.
1927 Awarded New York Medical licence
1929-1930 Impromptu Theatre, Carnegie Hall, combining group psychotherapy with psychodrama sessions.
1931 Sociometric studies at schools and prisons. Invention of the sociogram.
1932 Group psychotherapy, sociometry and role playing are discussed.at first Round Table Conference on Group Psychotherapy at the American Psychiatric Association in Philadelphia
1932-1938 Long range sociometric resaerch with Helen H. Jenning. at school
1932 Birth of Augusto Boal1936 First Theatre of Psychodrama, Beacon, N.Y.
1937 Founding of SOCIOMETRY: A Journal of Inter Personal Relations,
1938 Marries Florence Bridge.
1939 Sigmund Freud died in London1939 Birth of daughter Regina.
1940 Birth of Steve de Shazer1941 Theatre of Psychodrama at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Washington, D.C. (Dr. Winfred Overholser, Margaret Hagan).
1942 Founding Sociometric Institute and New York Theatre of Psychodrama in New York City.(Renamed "Moreno Institute" in 1951)
1945-1946 Founding of the American Sociometric Association.
1946 Elected Fellow, Amarican Psychiatric Association
1948 Sociometric Institute, Paris.
Founds international committee of Group psychotherapy.
1949 Marries Zerka Toeman.
1952 Birth of son Johnathan
1954 First International
Congress of Group Psychotherapie,
1959 Lectures in soviet union.
1964 First International congress of Psychodrama, Paris.
1968 First International Congress of Sociometry, Baden, Austria
1969 Receives Golden Doctor diploma
from University of Vienna;
1971 Augusto Boal started to create the "The Theatre of the Oppressed"
May14, 1974 Dies at home
in Beacon,NY, aged 85
1996 Moreno Institute re-opened under the direction of Marc Treadwell, with the blessing of Zerka T. Moreno